Jennifer Yates of AP describes the recent increase in hospital weight management programs for children. This is our second blog in the past month about hospitals improving their treatment of obese patients (see 4/10 blog, “AP article draws attention to hospital care for obesity”)– hopefully this is the beginning of a trend; at the very least it is encouraging that the media recognizes the significance of these changes as the obese population continues to grow.
The article balances facts about the growth in obesity in the U.S. and the associated health risks with personal accounts of the positive developments in hospitals working to address these issues. Yates quotes numerous medical directors, speaking about the important of treating obesity through positive lifestyle changes. "It's scary and we're going to end up with young adults who should be healthy who are bearing the burden of a chronic illness,” said Dr. Sandra Hassink, director of the weight management program at the Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Wilmington, Del. Accordingly, the hospital programs are primarily designed to promote physical activity and healthful nutrition, although some also offer more drastic measures such as bariatric surgery in severe cases. Both patients and doctors alike seem overwhelmingly in favor of the programs. Yates notes that the clinics are opening at the same time obesity rates are “skyrocketing,” citing government figures that show nearly one out of five children is obese. Not surprisingly, a major barrier to such programs is the fact that insurance programs usually do not provide reimbursement, despite clear long-term potential of the benefits of preventive care. However, clinics have had success from alternative funding sources, in some cases. For example, a Pittsburgh clinic received a $3 million dollar federal grant that allows it to serve patients for free.
While the scope and prevalence of these programs will always be limited in the absence of solid reimbursement, we believe such programs have the potential to produce very real change in the lives of these children— as a source of knowledge for families who lack the resources to alter their lifestyle, a “refuge” for children who may feel embarrassed to discuss their obesity with family and friends, and a source of hope for children facing what can often seem like an inexorable pattern of weight gain. Most importantly, as the prevalence of obesity and associated diseases continues to grow—a recent report by the American Diabetes Association estimates that one in three children born in 2000 will develop diabetes—these programs have the potential to prevent costly and unnecessary complications.
Original AP article is included below.
Hospitals Offer Obesity Programs for Kids
By JENNIFER C. YATES, Associated Press Writer, Thu Apr 27, 9:07 PM ET
PITTSBURGH - As the waistlines of America's young keep expanding, more hospitals are establishing weight management centers for kids. The programs offer a variety of resources, from nutritional counseling to bariatric surgery for the most extreme cases.
Diane Nellis was worried about the health of her teenage son who weighed 240 pounds. But she didn't put him on a diet. Or send him to a fat camp. She took him to a hospital. There, Trevor Nellis, 17, learned to limit portions to the size of his fist, cut out fast food and soda, and eat more fruits and vegetables. Six months later, he has lost nearly 40 pounds and runs three miles a day.
"We try to promote healthy behavior for a lifetime," said Dr. Goutham Rao, clinical director of the Weight Management and Wellness Center at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh where Trevor got help.
Rao said that when the hospital began planning for the clinic about three years ago, there were about half a dozen similar programs across the country. Now, there are around 50 and more on the way, he said.
The clinics are opening at a time of skyrocketing obesity rates among U.S. children. Nearly 1 out of 5 is obese, according to government figures, putting them at a greater risk for diabetes, heart disease and a host of other problems.
Dr. Sandra Hassink, director of the weight management program at the Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Wilmington, Del., said she's seen patients getting younger and heavier since she helped start the program 18 years ago. Her youngest patient was 5 months old.
"It's scary and we're going to end up with young adults who should be healthy who are bearing the burden of a chronic illness," she said.
A member of the American Academy of Pediatrics' obesity task force and lead editor of the "Parent's Guide to Obesity," Hassink said parents must be involved if a child is going to succeed at keeping weight under control.
Children usually aren't shopping for food or making decisions about what to eat for dinner, said Dr. Christopher Bolling of Cincinnati Children's Medical Center.
"You're not going to have any success if you approach just the child because the child doesn't have complete regulation over the environment. You have to go after the family," said Bolling, medical director for the Cincinnati hospital's weight management center.
Bolling said one of the biggest challenges is finding a way to pay for the weight programs, which usually aren't covered by insurance. Thanks to a $3 million federal grant, the Pittsburgh clinic doesn't charge its patients for the service.
But doctors say no matter what the cost, it's far less than the expense of treating problems from obesity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hospitals spent $127 million in 1999 on obesity-related illnesses, up from $35 million in 1981.
At the Pittsburgh hospital program, children see exercise physiologists and behavioral psychologists, along with medical doctors.
Children and their parents are asked to sign a "contract" promising to pursue healthy habits — from changing the way they eat to being more physically active. The words obesity and fat are avoided.
Located in a medical building near the hospital, the clinic's waiting room offers some larger-than-normal chairs for bigger frames.
A nervous Abigail Auria sat in one of the clinic's patient rooms recently, clad in her bathing suit under a paper hospital gown. It was the 12-year-old's first visit and she was waiting to get into the BodPod, an oval, space-age looking contraption that checks kids' body-mass index.
Abigail was referred to the hospital by her pediatrician, who noticed she had been steadily gaining weight.
"It embarrasses me," the girl said.
Her mom, Jamie Auria, who is a diabetic, hopes the center will help her daughter change her lifestyle and avoid getting diabetes herself.
"We don't want to add any risk to what she already has to deal with," Auria said. "But knowing and understanding and actually doing are two different things."
Down the hall, Trevor and his mom proudly talk about all he's accomplished with the center's help. Trevor said talking with doctors about weight loss was different from discussing it with his parents.
"I heard it all the time," Trevor said, "but something